Istanbul is one of the most fascinating cities of the world with its unique location on the two continents Europe and Asia. Istanbul is the most crowded city of Turkey with a population of 15,03 million (according to the December 2017 data). It has an important role in industry, culture and tourism. The city has a very long and wealthy history. It had been the capital city of many civilizations throughout the centuries such as Romans, Byzantines and Ottomans. In 2010 Istanbul was selected as “European Culture Capital” by the European Parliament.
How to get to Istanbul:
By plane: There are two airports in Istanbul. Istanbul Airport is found on the European side and Sabiha Gokcen Airport is found on the Anatolian side. From both of the airports, every half an hour Havaist and Havabus buses provide service to the city center Taksim, which is 10 minutes distance to the conference venue by taxi. It costs 18 TL (around 3 Euro) from Istanbul Airport and 15 TL (around 2.5 Euro) from Sabiha Gokcen Airport. The detailed information of Havaist/Havabus and the schedules can be found in http://www.havabus.com/ and http://hava.ist/.
By train: There are trains from some European countries to Istanbul Sirkeci Station, which is half an hour distance to the conference venue. Detailed information can be found in the link.
By bus: For the participants attending from Bulgaria, Greece and Georgia, the Turkish bus company Metro Tourism provides bus services to Istanbul bus terminal. Another bus company Ulusoy also have buses that provide connections between different cities of Germany and Istanbul.
Visa: For many countries, there is no need to apply for a visa in advance or to fulfil forms. The detailed information can be found on the website of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Your passports should be valid for at least 90 days. Online visa applications are possible from the e-visa application website of the Turkish Government https://www.evisa.gov.tr/en/.
Public Transportation: In Istanbul, a smart card called ISTANBULKART is used in public transportation. It costs 6 TL (around 1 Euro) and you load any amount of money to the card. (One-way ticket is 2.60 TL if you have this card.)
Climate: The climate in September in Istanbul is around 20ºC.
Electricity: The electric current is 220V AC such as the European standards. British and USA participants need an adaptor.
Currency: The currency of Turkey is the Turkish Lira (TL). (1 TL= 100 Kuruş). Exchange offices can easily be found around the city center. There is also an exchange office at the airport. Currency in euro: 1 euro ≈ 6.50 TL. (For the recent currency see, https://www.xe.com/currencyconverter/)
Time: UTC/GMT + 3 hours.